Acephate

Title: Acephate
CAS Registry Number: 30560-19-1
CAS Name: Acetylphosphoramidothioic acid O,S-dimethyl ester
Manufacturers' Codes: Ortho 12420
Trademarks: Orthene (Valent)
Molecular Formula: C4H10NO3PS
Molecular Weight: 183.17
Percent Composition: C 26.23%, H 5.50%, N 7.65%, O 26.20%, P 16.91%, S 17.51%
Literature References: Prepn and activity: Magee, US 3716600 and US 3845172 (1973, 1974 both to Chevron).
Properties: White solid, mp 64-68° (impure). Very sol in water; moderately sol in acetone, alc. Low soly in aromatic solvents. LD50 orally in rats: 700 mg/kg (Magee, 1973).
Melting point: mp 64-68° (impure)
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 700 mg/kg (Magee, 1973)
Use: Contact and systemic insecticide.
Acepromazine Acequinocyl Acerin Acerola ACES

Acephate
Acephate2D.png
Identifiers
CAS number 30560-19-1 YesY
PubChem 1982
ChemSpider 1905 YesY
UNII 3Y417O444D YesY
KEGG C14426 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:34520 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C4H10NO3PS
Molar mass 183.17 g mol−1
Hazards
GHS hazard statements GHS-pictogram-exclam.svg[1]


H302[1]

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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Acephate is an organophosphate foliar insecticide of moderate persistence with residual systemic activity of about 10–15 days at the recommended use rate. It is used primarily for control of aphids, including resistant species, in vegetables (e.g. potatoes, carrots, greenhouse tomatoes, and lettuce) and in horticulture (e.g. on roses and greenhouse ornamentals). It also controls leaf miners, caterpillars, sawflies and thrips in the previously stated crops as well as turf, and forestry. By direct application to mounds, it is effective in destroying imported fire ants.

Acephate is sold as a soluble powder, as emulsifiable concentrates, as pressurized aerosol, and in tree injection systems and granular formulations.