Acerola

Title: Acerola
Literature References: The ripe fruit of Malpighia punicifolia L., Malpighiaceae, also called West Indian Cherry. Habit. Central America, Puerto Rico. Probably the richest natural source of ascorbic acid. Analysis of pitted fruit: Water 92.28%; ascorbic acid 1690 mg/100 g; vitamin A 11.0 mg/100 g; niacin 407 g/100 g; vitamin B6 8.7 g/100 g; thiamine-HCl 30.0 g/100 g; fluorine 10 g/100 g; carbohydrates 6.4%. pH of juice 3.3. The pits comprise 19.25% of the fruit. Ref: Derse, Elvehjem, J. Am. Med. Assoc. 156, 1501 (1954). Commercial aspects: J. Agric. Food Chem. 2, 1155 (1954). Review: Moscoso, Econ. Bot. 10, 280 (1956). Method of preparing acerola juice concentrates: Morse, US 3012942; US 3012943 (both 1961 to Nutrilite Products).
Therap-Cat: Nutrient.
ACES Acesulfame Acetaldehyde Acetaldehyde Ammonia Acetaldehyde Sodium Bisulfite

Malpighia emarginata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Malpighiaceae
Genus: Malpighia
Species: M. emarginata
Binomial name
Malpighia emarginata
DC.
Synonyms[1]
  • Malpighia berteroana Spreng.
  • Malpighia lanceolata Griseb.
  • Malpighia punicifolia var. lancifolia Nied.
  • Malpighia punicifolia var. obovata Nied.
  • Malpighia punicifolia var. vulgaris Nied.
  • Malpighia retusa Benth.
  • Malpighia umbellata Rose
  • Malpighia urens var. lanceolata (Griseb.) Griseb.
Acerola, (West Indian cherry), raw
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 134 kJ (32 kcal)
Carbohydrates 7.69 g
- Dietary fiber 1.1 g
Fat 0.3 g
Protein 0.4 g
Vitamin A equiv. 38 μg (5%)
Thiamine (vit. B1) 0.02 mg (2%)
Riboflavin (vit. B2) 0.06 mg (5%)
Niacin (vit. B3) 0.4 mg (3%)
Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.309 mg (6%)
Vitamin B6 0.009 mg (1%)
Folate (vit. B9) 14 μg (4%)
Vitamin C 1677.6 mg (2021%)
Calcium 12 mg (1%)
Iron 0.2 mg (2%)
Magnesium 18 mg (5%)
Manganese 0.6 mg (29%)
Phosphorus 11 mg (2%)
Potassium 146 mg (3%)
Sodium 7 mg (0%)
Zinc 0.1 mg (1%)
Link to USDA Database entry
Percentages are roughly approximated
using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

Malpighia emarginata is a tropical fruit-bearing shrub or small tree in the family Malpighiaceae. Common names include acerola (Portuguese pronunciation: [ɐse̞ˈɾɔ̞lɐ]), Barbados cherry, West Indian cherry[2] and wild crepe myrtle.[3] Acerola is native to South America, southern Mexico, and Central America, but is now also being grown as far north as Texas and in subtropical areas of Asia, such as India. It is known for being extremely rich in vitamin C, almost as much as camu camu, although it also contains vitamins A, B1, B2, and B3, as well as carotenoids and bioflavonoids, which provide important nutritive value and have antioxidant uses.[4] The vitamin C produced by the fruit is better absorbed by humans than synthetic ascorbic acid.[5]