Adonitol

Title: Adonitol
CAS Registry Number: 488-81-3
CAS Name: Ribitol
Additional Names: adonite
Molecular Formula: C5H12O5
Molecular Weight: 152.15
Percent Composition: C 39.47%, H 7.95%, O 52.58%
Literature References: A pentitol from Adonis vernalis L., Ranunculaceae; also from A. amurensis L., Ranunculaceae: Santavy, Reichstein, Pharm. Acta Helv. 23, 153 (1948).
Properties: Large, optically inactive crystals. mp 102°. Does not reduce Fehling's soln. Freely soluble in water, hot alcohol; insol in ether.
Melting point: mp 102°
Adonitoxin Adrenal Cortical Extract Adrenalone Adrenochrome Adrenoglomerulotropin

Ribitol
Ribitol structure.png
Identifiers
CAS number 488-81-3 YesY
PubChem 827
ChemSpider 10254628 YesY
KEGG C00474 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:15963 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C5H12O5
Molar mass 152.15 g mol−1
Melting point 102 °C; 216 °F; 375 K
Hazards
R-phrases
S-phrases S22 S24/25
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Ribitol or adonitol is a crystalline pentose alcohol (C5H12O5) formed by the reduction of ribose. It occurs naturally in the plant Adonis vernalis, as well as in the cell walls of Gram positive bacteria (specifically, as ribitol phosphate, in teichoic acids). It also contributes to the chemical structure of riboflavin and Flavin mononucleotide (FMN), which is a nucleotide coenzyme, present in the enzyme Glycolate Oxidase.