Allyl Chloride

Title: Allyl Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 107-05-1
CAS Name: 3-Chloro-1-propene
Additional Names: 3-chloropropylene; chlorallylene
Molecular Formula: C3H5Cl
Molecular Weight: 76.52
Percent Composition: C 47.09%, H 6.59%, Cl 46.33%
Line Formula: CH2=CHCH2Cl
Literature References: Manuf by chlorination of propylene: Samples, Hilbert, US 3054831 (1962 to Union Carbide). Prepd from diphenylphosphite, allyl alcohol and benzyl chloride: Landauer, Rydon, J. Chem. Soc. 1953, 2224. Toxicity data: H. F. Smyth, C. P. Carpenter, J. Ind. Hyg. Toxicol. 30, 63 (1948).
Properties: Liquid; unpleasant, pungent odor. d420 0.938. bp 44-45°. mp -134.5°. nD20 1.4154. Flash pt, closed cup: -25°F (-31°C). Slightly sol in water; misc with alcohol, chloroform, ether, petrol ether. Keep tightly closed. LD50 orally in rats: 0.7 g/kg (Smyth, Carpenter).
Melting point: mp -134.5°
Boiling point: bp 44-45°
Flash point: Flash pt, closed cup: -25°F (-31°C)
Index of refraction: nD20 1.4154
Density: d420 0.938
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 0.7 g/kg (Smyth, Carpenter)
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are irritation of eyes, nose, skin and mucous membranes; pulmonary edema. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 10.
Use: In the synthesis of allyl compds.
Allyl Cyanide Allyl Ether Allyl Ethyl Ether Allyl Iodide Allyl Isothiocyanate