Title: Aminoacetonitrile
CAS Registry Number: 540-61-4
CAS Name: Glycinonitrile
Additional Names: cyanomethylamine; glycine nitrile
Molecular Formula: C2H4N2
Molecular Weight: 56.07
Percent Composition: C 42.84%, H 7.19%, N 49.96%
Line Formula: H2NCH2CN
Literature References: Prepd by the action of alcoholic HCl or H2SO4 on dimolecular or trimolecular methyleneaminoacetonitrile: Anslow, King, J. Chem. Soc. 1929, 2465.
Properties: Oily liquid. bp15 58° (partial decompn).
Boiling point: bp15 58° (partial decompn)
Derivative Type: Hydrochloride
CAS Registry Number: 6011-14-9
Molecular Formula: C2H4N2.HCl
Molecular Weight: 92.53
Percent Composition: C 25.96%, H 5.45%, N 30.27%, Cl 38.32%
Properties: Hygroscopic crystals from alcohol, dec 165°.
Derivative Type: Sulfate (1:1)
CAS Registry Number: 151-63-3
Molecular Formula: C2H4N2.H2SO4
Molecular Weight: 154.15
Percent Composition: C 15.58%, H 3.92%, N 18.17%, S 20.80%, O 41.52%
Literature References: Prepn: H. Stephen, J. Chem. Soc. 1931, 871.
Properties: Hygroscopic leaflets from ethanol + ether, mp 121°.
Melting point: mp 121°
Derivative Type: Sulfate (2:1)
CAS Registry Number: 5466-22-8
Molecular Formula: (C2H4N2)2.H2SO4
Molecular Weight: 210.21
Percent Composition: C 22.85%, H 4.79%, N 26.65%, S 15.25%, O 30.44%
Properties: Long flat prisms from water/ethanol, mp 166° (dec).
Melting point: mp 166° (dec)
Aminoacetophenone Aminocarb Aminochlorthenoxazin Aminochromes Aminoguanidine

Skeletal formula of aminoacetonitrile with an implicit carbon shown Stereo, skeletal formula of aminoacetonitrile with all implicit carbons shown, and all explicit hydrogens added
Ball and stick model of aminoacetonitrile Spacefill model of aminoacetonitrile
CAS number 540-61-4 YesY
PubChem 10901
ChemSpider 10439 YesY
UNII 3739OQ10IJ YesY
EC number 208-751-8
MeSH Aminoacetonitrile
RTECS number AL7750000
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Molecular formula C2H4N2
Molar mass 56.07 g mol−1
Appearance Colourless liquid
Boiling point 58.1 °C; 136.5 °F; 331.2 K (at 2.0 kPa)
GHS pictograms The exclamation-mark pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The health hazard pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word WARNING
GHS hazard statements H302, H312, H332, H351
GHS precautionary statements P280
EU classification Harmful Xn
R-phrases R20/21/22, R40
S-phrases S36
Related compounds
Related alkanenitriles
  • Hydrogen cyanide
  • Thiocyanic acid
  • Cyanogen iodide
  • Cyanogen bromide
  • Cyanogen chloride
  • Cyanogen fluoride
  • Acetonitrile
  • Glycolonitrile
  • Cyanogen
  • Propanenitrile
  • Aminopropionitrile
  • Malononitrile
  • Pivalonitrile
  • Acetone cyanohydrin
Related compounds DBNPA
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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Aminoacetonitrile is a simple organic compound containing both nitrile and amino groups. It is somewhat similar to the simplest amino acid, glycine. This compound is commercially available as the chloride and sulfate salts.