Amyl Chloride

Title: Amyl Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 543-59-9
CAS Name: 1-Chloropentane
Additional Names: n-amyl chloride; n-butylcarbonyl chloride
Molecular Formula: C5H11Cl
Molecular Weight: 106.59
Percent Composition: C 56.34%, H 10.40%, Cl 33.26%
Line Formula: CH3(CH2)3CH2Cl
Literature References: Prepd from 1-pentanol and concd HCl in sealed tube at 120°: Conant, Kirner, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 46, 245 (1924); with HCl and zinc chloride: Clark, Streight, Trans. R. Soc. Can. Sect. 3 23, III 77 (1929); Vogel, J. Chem. Soc. 1943, 638, 640; for prepn without admixed 2- and 3-chloropentanes see Whitmore's procedure from 1-pentanol with SOCl2 and pyridine: Whitmore et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 60, 2540 (1938); Mixer, Young, ibid. 78, 3382 (1956).
Properties: Liquid. d420 0.8828. mp -99°. bp760 107.8°. nD20 1.41280. Flash pt, closed cup: 55°F (13°C). Miscible with alc, ether. Insol in water. Forms a constant boiling mixture with water, bp 82°, with ethanol bp 72.5°.
Melting point: mp -99°
Boiling point: bp760 107.8°; Forms a constant boiling mixture with water, bp 82°, with ethanol bp 72.5°.
Flash point: Flash pt, closed cup: 55°F (13°C)
Index of refraction: nD20 1.41280
Density: d420 0.8828
Amyl Nitrite Amylbenzene Amylene Amylene Dichloride Amylin