Amyl Nitrite

Title: Amyl Nitrite
Literature References: Mixture of isomers containing not less than 97.0% and not more than 100.0% of C5H11NO2. Consists chiefly of isoamyl nitrite [(CH3)2CHCH2CH2ONO], but other isomers are also present.
Properties: The N.F. grade has d2525 0.870-0.876. See Isoamyl Nitrite.
Density: d2525 0.870-0.876
Amylbenzene Amylene Amylene Dichloride Amylin Amylocaine Hydrochloride

Amyl nitrite
Chemical structure of amyl nitrite
Ball-and-stick model of amyl nitrite
Identifiers
CAS number 110-46-3 YesY
PubChem 10026
ChemSpider 9632 YesY
UNII 5N0U5TUC9Z YesY
DrugBank DB01612
KEGG D00517 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:55344 YesY
RTECS number NT0187500
ATC code V03AB22
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C5H11NO2
Molar mass 117.15 g mol−1
Appearance Colourless liquid
Density 0.872 g/cm3, liquid (25 °C)
Boiling point 99 °C; 210 °F; 372 K
Solubility in water slightly soluble
Hazards
Main hazards vasodilator
Flash point 21 °C; 70 °F; 294 K
Autoignition temperature 209 °C; 408 °F; 482 K
Related compounds
Related compounds Nitroglycerine
Isopentanol
Butyl nitrite
Isobutyl nitrite
Ethyl nitrite
Methyl nitrite
Isopropyl nitrite
Cyclohexyl nitrite
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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Amyl nitrite is the chemical compound with the formula C5H11ONO. A variety of isomers are known, but they all feature an amyl group attached to the nitrito functional group. The alkyl group is unreactive and the chemical and biological properties are mainly due to the nitrite group. Like other alkyl nitrites, amyl nitrite is bioactive in mammals, being a vasodilator, which is the basis of its use as a prescription medicine. As an inhalant, it also has a psychoactive effect, which has led to its recreational use.