Andrographis

Title: Andrographis
Additional Names: Chuan-xin-lian; Kalmegh
Literature References: Herbaceous plant, Andrographis paniculata Nees, Acanthaceae, which has been used in Asian traditional medicine as an antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, and hepatoprotectant. Habit. Tropical regions of Asia; common ground flora in dry deciduous forests of southeastern India. Constit. Andrographolide, q.v., deoxyandrographolide, neoandrographolide, andrographidines, paniculides. Brief description: R. D. Girach et al., Int. J. Pharmacognosy 32, 95 (1994). Review of constituents and pharmacology: W. Tang, G. Eisenbrand, Chinese Drugs of Plant Origin (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992) pp 97-103. Chromatographic analysis of diterpenoids in leaves: S. Saxena et al., Phytochem. Anal. 11, 34 (2000). Clinical evaluation in respiratory tract infections: J. Melchior et al., Phytomedicine 7, 341 (2000); in familial Mediterranean fever: G. Amaryan et al., ibid. 10, 271 (2003). In vitro anticancer and immunostimulatory activities: R. A. Kumar et al., J. Ethnopharmacol. 92, 291 (2004).
Therap-Cat: In treatment of upper respiratory infections; hepatoprotectant.
Andrographolide Androisoxazole Androstane Androstane-3beta,11beta-diol-17-one Androstenediol

Andrographis
Andrographis echioides
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Acanthaceae
Genus: Andrographis
Wall. ex Nees
Species

unclear; see text

Andrographis is a genus of flowering plants in the acanthus family. They may be known generally as the false waterwillows,[1] and several are called periyanagai.[2]

Most species are native to Asia.[3] Many are endemic to India.[4] They may be herbs or shrubs.[2]

Some species are used medicinally. The best known is Andrographis paniculata, which is valued in Ayurveda, Unani, and Siddha medicine. It is used to treat a very long list of illnesses and conditions.[3] A. alata and A. lineata are used in human and veterinary medicine.[2]

It is not clear how many valid species currently belong to the genus. Estimates vary from 19[5][6] to 28[3][4] to 40[7][2] to 44.[8]

Species include:[8]

  • Andrographis affinis
  • Andrographis alata
  • Andrographis atropurpurea
  • Andrographis beddomei
  • Andrographis ceylanica
  • Andrographis elongata
  • Andrographis explicata
  • Andrographis glandulosa
  • Andrographis gracilis
  • Andrographis humifusa
  • Andrographis lawsonii
  • Andrographis laxiflora
  • Andrographis lobelioides
  • Andrographis macrobotrys
  • Andrographis neesiana
  • Andrographis orbiculata
  • Andrographis ovata
  • Andrographis paniculata - king-of-bitters, kalmegh, maha-tita, bhui-neem
  • Andrographis producta
  • Andrographis rothii
  • Andrographis rotundifolia
  • Andrographis sinensis
  • Andrographis stellulata
  • Andrographis tenera