Angelica

Title: Angelica
Literature References: Tall, perennial, herbaceous plant, Angelica archangelica L., Umbelliferae. Habit. Europe, Asia. Medicinal parts are the seed, leaves and root. Constit. Root: Volatile oil (0.35-1.9%); more than 20 furanocoumarins including bergapten, angelicin, archangelicin, isoimperatorin, xanthotoxin; osthol, umbelliferone, flavonoids, sugars. Fruit: Volatile oil, furanocoumarins, fatty oil, phytosterols. Review of constituents and uses: V. E. Tyler, The Honest Herbal (Pharmaceutical Products Press, New York, 3rd Ed., 1993) pp 29-30; N. G. Bisset, M. Wichtl, Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals, English Ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1994) pp 70-72; J. Gruenwald et al., PDR for Herbal Medicines (Medical Economics, Montvale, 2nd Ed., 2000) pp 32-34.
Derivative Type: Angelica root oil
CAS Registry Number: 8015-64-3
Literature References: Volatile oil obtained by steam distillation of the dried slender roots. Constit. Chiefly b-phellandrene (13-28%), a-phellandrene (2-14%), a-pinene (14-31%).
Properties: Pale yellow to deep amber liquid with warm, pungent odor and bittersweet taste. d2525 0.850-0.880. nD20 1.473-1.487. Acid value not more than 7.0. Rotation: 0° to +46°. Sol in most fixed oils, slightly sol in mineral oil. Relatively insol in glycerin, propylene glycol. Keep well closed, cool, and protected from light.
Index of refraction: nD20 1.473-1.487
Density: d2525 0.850-0.880
Derivative Type: Angelica seed oil
Literature References: Volatile oil obtained by steam distillation of the fresh seeds.
Properties: Light yellow liquid having a sweet, delicate aroma. d2525 0.853-0.876. nD20 1.480-1.488. Rotation: +4° to +16°. Acid value not more than 3.0. Keep well closed, cool, and protected from light.
Index of refraction: nD20 1.480-1.488
Density: d2525 0.853-0.876
Use: Flavoring for liqueurs and gin.
Therap-Cat: Carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic.
Angelica Lactone Angiogenin Angiostatin Angostura Bark Anhalamine

Angelica
Wild Angelica (Angelica sylvestris)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Tribe: Selineae
Genus: Angelica
L.
Species

About 50 species; see text

Wild angelica (Angelica sylvestris) from Thomé, Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz 1885

Angelica is a genus of about 60 species of tall biennial and perennial herbs in the family Apiaceae, native to temperate and subarctic regions of the Northern Hemisphere, reaching as far north as Iceland and Lapland. They grow to 1–3 m tall, with large bipinnate leaves and large compound umbels of white or greenish-white flowers.

Some species can be found in purple moor and rush pastures.