Benzyl Chloride

Title: Benzyl Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 100-44-7
CAS Name: (Chloromethyl)benzene
Additional Names: a-chlorotoluene
Molecular Formula: C7H7Cl
Molecular Weight: 126.58
Percent Composition: C 66.42%, H 5.57%, Cl 28.01%
Line Formula: C6H5CH2Cl
Literature References: Made by cautious chlorination of toluene: A. I. Vogel, Practical Organic Chemistry (Longmans, London, 3rd ed., 1959) p 538; Gattermann-Wieland, Praxis des Organischen Chemikers (de Gruyter, Berlin, 40th ed., 1961) p 92. Manuf: Faith, Keyes & Clark's Industrial Chemicals, F. A. Lowenheim, M. K. Moran, Eds. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 4th ed., 1975) pp 145-148.
Properties: Very refractive liquid; rather unpleasant, irritating odor. d2020 1.100. bp 179°. mp -48 to -43°. nD15 1.5415. Insol in water. Miscible with alcohol, chloroform, ether. Rapidly dec when heated in the presence of iron.
Melting point: mp -48 to -43°
Boiling point: bp 179°
Index of refraction: nD15 1.5415
Density: d2020 1.100
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are irritation of eyes, skin and nose; weakness; irritability; headache; skin eruption; pulmonary edema. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 28.
Use: Manuf benzyl compds, perfumes, pharmaceutical products, dyes, synthetic tannins, artificial resins.
Benzyl Cinnamate Benzyl Cyanide Benzyl Ether Benzyl Ethyl Ether Benzyl Formate