Benzyl Cinnamate

Title: Benzyl Cinnamate
CAS Registry Number: 103-41-3
CAS Name: 3-Phenyl-2-propenoic acid phenylmethyl ester
Additional Names: trans-cinnamic acid benzyl ester; cinnamein
Molecular Formula: C16H14O2
Molecular Weight: 238.28
Percent Composition: C 80.65%, H 5.92%, O 13.43%
Line Formula: C6H5CH=CHCOOCH2C6H5
Literature References: Constituent of storax, Peru and Tolu balsams: Tschirch, Trog, Arch. Pharm. 232, 70 (1894); Tschirch, Oberländer, ibid. 559. Prepn: Volwiler, Vliet, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 43, 1672 (1921); Eliel, Anderson, ibid. 74, 547 (1952); Bender, Zerner, ibid. 84, 2550 (1962). Toxicity study: P. M. Jenner et al., Food Cosmet. Toxicol. 2, 327 (1964).
Properties: Crystals from 95% ethanol; sweet odor of balsam. mp 39°; also reported as mp 33-34° (Volwiler, Vliet). Dec on distillation at ordinary pressure; bp0.5 154-157°, bp5 195-200°, bp22 228-230°. Practically insol in water, propylene glycol and glycerin. Sol in alc, ether, oils. LD50 orally in rats: 5530 mg/kg (Jenner).
Melting point: mp 39°; mp 33-34° (Volwiler, Vliet)
Boiling point: bp0.5 154-157°; bp5 195-200°; bp22 228-230°
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 5530 mg/kg (Jenner)
Use: In artificial flavors, in perfumes, mainly as a fixative.
Benzyl Cyanide Benzyl Ether Benzyl Ethyl Ether Benzyl Formate Benzyl Fumarate

Benzyl cinnamate
Benzyl cinnamate.svg
Identifiers
CAS number 103-41-3
PubChem 5273469
ChemSpider 4437893
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C16H14O2
Molar mass 238.28 g mol−1
Appearance White to pale yellow solid[1]
Melting point 34 to 37 °C; 93 to 99 °F; 307 to 310 K ([2])
Boiling point 195 to 200 °C; 383 to 392 °F; 468 to 473 K (5 mmHg[2])
Solubility in water Insoluble[1]
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Benzyl cinnamate is the chemical compound which is the ester derived from cinnamic acid and benzyl alcohol. It is present in the perfume ingredients Peru balsam, Tolu balsam, and benzoin resin which are derived from wood and bark.