Bilberry

Title: Bilberry
Additional Names: Heidelberry; huckleberry; European blueberry; whortleberry
Literature References: Deciduous, dwarf shrub, Vaccinium myrtillus L., Ericaceae, bearing edible blue-black berries. Medicinal parts include the leaves and fruit. Habit. Northern and central Europe. Constit. Berries: anthocyanins, particularly glycosides of delphinidin, cyanidin, petunidin, peonidin, malvidin; quercetin, catechin, epicatechin, tannins, pectins, vitamin C. Leaves: Catechol tannins (0.8-6.7%); leucoanthocyans; flavonoids esp. quercetin glycosides; phenolic acids incl. caffeic, p-coumaric, p-hydroxybenzoic, protocatechuic, melilotic; iridoids; manganese; chromium. Berries have been used in traditional medicine to treat diarrhea and mouth and throat inflammations; leaves used in antidiabetic teas. Comprehensive description and medicinal uses: J. Barnes et al., Herbal Medicines (Pharmaceutical Press, London, 2nd Ed., 2002) pp 73-77. Anthocyanin content and radical scavenging activity: J. Nakajima et al., J. Biomed. Biotechnol. 5, 241-247 (2004). Phenolic profile and antioxidant activity: S. Ehala et al., J. Agric. Food Chem. 53, 6484 (2005). Review of clinical trials in impaired night vision: P. H. Carter, E. Ernst, Surv. Ophthalmol. 49, 38-50 (2004).
Derivative Type: Bilberry extract
CAS Registry Number: 84082-34-8
Trademarks: Alcodin (Alcon); Difrarel (Sigma-Tau); Tegens (Inverni)
Literature References: Anthocyanin enriched extract from the fruit.
Use: In jams and jellies; food flavoring. Extracts as astringent and capillary protectant in eyecare and skin products.
Therap-Cat: In treatment of night blindness.
Bilirubin Biliverdine Bimosiamose Binapacryl Binedaline

Bilberry fruit

Bilberry is any of several Eurasian species of low-growing shrubs in the genus Vaccinium (family Ericaceae), bearing edible, nearly black berries. The species most often referred to is Vaccinium myrtillus L., but there are several other closely related species. Bilberries are distinct from blueberries but closely related to them.