Boldo

Title: Boldo
Additional Names: Boldu; boldea; boldus; boldoa
Literature References: Leaves of Peumus boldus Molina (Boldu boldus [Molina] Lyons, Boldea fragrans Gay), Monimiaceae. Habit. Peru, Chile. Constit. About 2% volatile oil, about 0.1% boldine. Ref: Schindler, Arzneim.-Forsch. 7, 747 (1957).
Therap-Cat: In hepatic dysfunction, cholelithiasis.
Bole, Armenian Boleko Oil Bombesin Bomyl? Bone Morphogenetic Proteins

"Boldo" is also a settlement in Arauco Province (Chile) named after this tree.
Boldo
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Monimiaceae
Genus: Peumus
Molina
Species: P. boldus
Binomial name
Peumus boldus
Molina

Peumus boldus, the only species in the genus Peumus, is commonly known as Boldo (from the Mapudungun name foḻo). This tree of the family Monimiaceae is natively endemic[verification needed] to the central region of Chile, occurring from 33° to 40° southern latitude. Boldo has also been introduced to Europe and North Africa, though it is not often seen outside botanical gardens.

Together with litre, quillay, peumo, bollén and other indigenous plants, it is a characteristic component of the sclerophyllous forest endemic to central Chile. Its leaves, which have a strong, woody and slightly bitter flavor and camphor-like aroma, are used for culinary purposes, primarily in Latin America. The leaves are used in a similar manner to bay leaves and also used as an herbal tea, primarily in Chile, Bolivia, Argentina, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Brazil and bordering countries in South America.