Brefeldin A

Title: Brefeldin A
CAS Registry Number: 20350-15-6
CAS Name: 1,6,7,8,9,11a,12,13,14,14a-Decahydro-1,13-dihydroxy-6-methyl-4H-cyclopent[f]oxacyclotridecin-4-one
Additional Names: g,4-dihydroxy-2-(6-hydroxy-1-heptenyl)-4-cyclopentanecrotonic acid l-lactone; ascotoxin; cyanein; decumbin
Molecular Formula: C16H24O4
Molecular Weight: 280.36
Percent Composition: C 68.54%, H 8.63%, O 22.83%
Literature References: A fungal metabolite which is a macrocyclic lactone exhibiting a wide range of antibiotic activity. Produced by Penicillium brefeldianum Dodge: E. Haerri et al., Helv. Chim. Acta 46, 1235 (1963). Also produced by P. decumbens: V. L. Singleton et al., Nature 181, 1072 (1958); P. cyaneum: V. Betina et al., Folia Microbiol. 7, 353 (1962). Structure: H. P. Sigg, Helv. Chim. Acta 47, 1401 (1964). Abs configuration: H. P. Weber et al., ibid. 54, 2763 (1971). Synthesis of (±)-form: E. J. Corey, R. H. Wollenberg, Tetrahedron Lett. 1976, 4705; E. J. Corey et al., ibid. 1977, 2243; R. Baudouy et al., ibid. 2973; P. A. Bartlett, F. R. Green, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 100, 4548 (1978); A. E. Greene et al., ibid. 102, 7583 (1980); M. Honda et al., Tetrahedron Lett. 1981, 2679. Total synthesis of (+)-form: T. Kitahara et al., ibid. 1979, 3021. Biosynthesis: B. E. Cross, P. Hendley, Chem. Commun. 1975, 124; C. R. Hutchinson et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 103, 2474, 2477 (1981); M. Sunagawa et al., J. Antibiot. 36, 25 (1983). Antifungal activity: V. Betina et al., ibid. 17A, 93 (1964); anti-HeLa cell effect: eidem, Naturwissenschaften 49, 241 (1962). See also W. Keller-Schierlein, "Chemistry of Macrolide Antibiotics" in Fortschr. Chem. Org. Naturst. 30, 313-445 (1973).
Properties: Colorless prisms from methanol/ether, mp 204-205°. uv max (ethanol): 215 nm (log e 4.05). [a]D22 +96 ±2° (c = 1.08 in methanol). LD50 i.p. in mice: >200 mg/kg (Haerri).
Melting point: mp 204-205°
Optical Rotation: [a]D22 +96 ±2° (c = 1.08 in methanol)
Absorption maximum: uv max (ethanol): 215 nm (log e 4.05)
Toxicity data: LD50 i.p. in mice: >200 mg/kg (Haerri)
Brequinar Bretylium Tosylate Brevetoxins Brilliant Blue FCF Brimonidine

Brefeldin A
Brefeldin a.png
CAS number 20350-15-6 YesY
PubChem 5287620
ChemSpider 4449949 YesY
DrugBank DB07348
ChEBI CHEBI:48080 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Molecular formula C16H24O4
Molar mass 280.36 g mol−1
Appearance White to off-white crystalline powder
Melting point 204–205 °C
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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Brefeldin A is a lactone antibiotic produced by fungal organisms such as Eupenicillium brefeldianum. Brefeldin A inhibits protein transport from the Golgi apparatus to the endoplasmic reticulum indirectly by preventing formation of COPI-mediated[1] transport vesicles. Brefeldin A was initially isolated as an anti-viral antibiotic[2] but is now primarily used in biological research to study protein transport.