Bromacil

Title: Bromacil
CAS Registry Number: 314-40-9
CAS Name: 5-Bromo-6-methyl-3-(1-methylpropyl)-2,4(1H,3H)-pyrimidinedione
Additional Names: 5-bromo-3-sec-butyl-6-methyluracil; 5-bromo-6-methyl-3-(1-methylpropyl)uracil
Manufacturers' Codes: Du Pont Herbicide 976
Trademarks: Hyvar (DuPont); Uragon (Makhteshim-Agan); Urox B (Hopkins)
Molecular Formula: C9H13BrN2O2
Molecular Weight: 261.12
Percent Composition: C 41.40%, H 5.02%, Br 30.60%, N 10.73%, O 12.25%
Literature References: Prepn: H. M. Loux, US 3235357 (1966 to du Pont). Mode of action: C. E. Hoffman, Pestic. Chem., Proc. 2nd Int. Congr. Pestic. 5, A. S. Tahori, Ed, (Gordon and Breach Science Publishers, New York, 1972) pp 65-85. Toxicology: H. Sherman, A. M. Kaplan, Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 34, 189 (1975). Review: Pease, Deye, Anal. Methods Pestic. Plant Growth Regul. Food Addit. 5, 335 (1967).
Properties: White crystalline solid, mp 157.5-160°. Vapor pressure at 100°: 8 ´ 10-4 mm Hg. Soly in water at 20°: 815 mg/l. Moderately sol in strong aq bases, acetone, acetonitrile, ethanol. LD50 orally in rats: 5200 mg/kg (Sherman, Kaplan).
Melting point: mp 157.5-160°
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 5200 mg/kg (Sherman, Kaplan)
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are irritation of eyes, skin and upper respiratory system. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 32.
Use: Herbicide.
Bromadiolone Bromal Bromal Hydrate Bromazepam Bromcresol Green

Bromacil
Bromacil skeletal.svg
Identifiers
CAS number 314-40-9 YesY
ChemSpider 9040 YesY
UNII I048FFR2J0 YesY
KEGG C10911 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C9H13BrN2O2
Molar mass 261.1157
Appearance Odorless, colorless to white, crystalline solid
Density 1.46 g/cm3
Melting point 157.5-160 degrees C
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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Bromacil is an organic compound with the chemical formula C9H13BrN2O2, commercially available as an herbicide. Bromacil was first registered as a pesticide in the U.S. in 1961.[1] It is used for brush control and non-cropland areas.[2] It works by interfering with photosynthesis by entering the plant through the root zone and moving throughout the plant.[3] Bromacil is one of a group of compounds called substituted uracils. These materials are broad spectrum herbicides used for nonselective weed and brush control on non-croplands, as well as for selective weed control on a limited number of crops, such as citrus fruit and pineapple.[2] Bromacil is also found to be excellent at controlling perennial grasses.