||This article appears to contradict itself about whether "bufotoxin" refers only to the steroids or to all toxic substances found in toad venom. (March 2014)|
Bufotoxins are a family of toxic steroid lactones found in the parotoid glands, skin and venom of many toads (genus Bufo); other amphibians; and some plants and mushrooms. The exact composition varies greatly with the specific source of the toxin. It can contain: 5-MeO-DMT, bufagins, bufalin, bufotalin, bufotenin, bufothionine, epinephrine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. The term bufotoxin can also be used specifically to describe the conjugate of a bufagin with suberylargine.
The toxic substances found in toads can be divided by chemical structure in two groups:
Toads known to secrete bufotoxin are: