Caraway

Title: Caraway
Literature References: Dried ripe fruit of Carum carvi L., Umbelliferae. Habit. Europe, Central and Western Asia; cultivated in England, Russia, U.S. Constit. 3-7% volatile oil; terpenes, chiefly d-limonene; 10-18% fixed oil; protein; carbohydrate; flavonoids. Composition studies: Von Schantz, Ek, Sci. Pharm. 39, 82 (1971). Review: Arctander, Perfume and Flavor Materials of Natural Origin (S. Arctander, Elizabeth, N.J., 1960) pp 124-125; of medicinal uses: N. G. Bisset, M. Wichtl, Herbal Drugs and Phytopharmaceuticals, English Ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, 1994) pp 128-129.
Derivative Type: Volatile oil
CAS Registry Number: 8000-42-8
Additional Names: Oil of caraway
Literature References: Constit. 53-63% carvone (by vol), d-limonene.
Properties: Colorless or pale yellow liq; darkens and thickens with age. d2525 0.900-0.910. aD25 +70 to +80°. nD20 1.484-1.488. Almost insol in water. Sol in 8 vols 80% or in 1 vol 90% alcohol. Keep well closed, cool, and protected from light.
Optical Rotation: aD25 +70 to +80°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.484-1.488
Density: d2525 0.900-0.910
Use: Pharmaceutic aid (flavor). In manuf liqueurs and perfuming soaps; as a spice in baking.
Therap-Cat: Carminative.
Carazolol Carbachol Carbacrylic Resins Carbadox Carbamazepine

Caraway rose nagpuria
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Carum
Species: C. carvi
Binomial name
Carum carvi
L.

Caraway (Carum carvi), also known as meridian fennel,[1][2][3][4][5] or Persian cumin,""Shahi Zeera"[3][5] is a biennial plant in the family Apiaceae,[6] native to western Asia, Europe and Northern Africa.

The plant is similar in appearance to other members of the carrot family, with finely divided, feathery leaves with thread-like divisions, growing on 20–30 cm stems. The main flower stem is 40–60 cm tall, with small white or pink flowers in umbels. Caraway fruits (erroneously called seeds) are crescent-shaped achenes, around 2 mm long, with five pale ridges.