Carbamide Peroxide

Title: Carbamide Peroxide
CAS Registry Number: 124-43-6
CAS Name: Urea compd with hydrogen peroxide (1:1)
Additional Names: urea hydrogen peroxide
Trademarks: Debrox (SKB); Exterol (Dermal); Gly-Oxide (SKB); Hyperol (Gedeon Richter); Ortizon (obsolete) (Bayer AG)
Molecular Formula: CH6N2O3
Molecular Weight: 94.07
Percent Composition: C 12.77%, H 6.43%, N 29.78%, O 51.02%
Line Formula: CO(NH2)2.H2O2
Literature References: Prepn: GB 1555 (1911 to Bayer); M. Strauss, Chem. Zentralbl. 11, 820 (1913). Use for prepn of H2O2: J. Milbauer, Chem. Ztg. 35, 871 (1911), C.A. 5, 3391 (1911). Clinical trial in aphthous stomatitis: M. F. Miller, N. W. Chilton, Pharmacol. Ther. Dent. 5, 55 (1980); as cerumenolytic: S. Fahmy, M. Whitefield, Br. J. Clin. Pract. 36, 197 (1982); as dental bleach: V. B. Haywood et al., J. Am. Dent. Assoc. 125, 1219 (1994).
Properties: White crystals or cryst powder. Dec in air into urea, oxygen, and water. Sol in 2.5 parts water; partly dec by alcohol and ether into H2O2 and urea.
Use: For extemporaneous prepn of H2O2.
Therap-Cat: Antiseptic; cerumenolytic; dental bleach.
Keywords: Antiseptic/Disinfectant; Peroxides/Permanganates.
Carbamyl Chloride Carbanilic Acid Carbanilide Carbarsone Carbaryl

Hydrogen peroxide - urea
Urea.png
Hydrogen-peroxide-2D.png
Carbamide peroxide.png
Identifiers
CAS number 124-43-6 YesY
PubChem 31294
ChemSpider 29034 YesY
UNII 31PZ2VAU81 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:75178
ATC code D02AE01
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula CH6N2O3
Molar mass 94.07 g mol−1
Appearance White solid
Melting point 75.0 to 91.5 °C; 167.0 to 196.7 °F; 348.1 to 364.6 K (decomposes)
Hazards
MSDS External MSDS
EU classification Explosive, Corrosive C
Flash point 60 °C; 140 °F; 333 K
Pharmacology
Routes of
administration
topical
Pregnancy
category
C(US)
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Hydrogen peroxide - urea is a solid composed of equal amounts of hydrogen peroxide and urea. This compound is a white crystalline solid, which dissolves in water to give free hydrogen peroxide. Often called carbamide peroxide in the dental applications, it is used as a source of hydrogen peroxide for bleaching, disinfection, and oxidation.