Carboxypolymethylene

Title: Carboxypolymethylene
CAS Registry Number: 9007-20-9
CAS Name: Carbomer
Additional Names: carbopol; carboxyvinyl polymer
Literature References: A vinyl polymer with active carboxyl groups. Description: Chem. Eng. News 36, 64 (Sept. 29, 1958).
Properties: White powder. Highly ionic and slightly acidic. Reacts with fatty amines to form thick and stable emulsions of oils in water.
Use: Thickening, suspending, dispersing, emulsifying agent. In the cosmetic and textile printing fields, in printing inks, in emulsion-based lubricants, in pharmaceuticals, polishes, waxes, paints, waterproof and oil-proof coatings, in industrial specialties.
Carbromal Carbubarb Carbutamide Carbuterol Cardiotoxin

Acrylic acid[1]
Skeletal formula
Acrylic-acid-from-xtal-3D-balls.png
Identifiers
CAS number 79-10-7 YesY
PubChem 6581
ChemSpider 6333 YesY
UNII J94PBK7X8S YesY
EC number 201-177-9
DrugBank DB02579
KEGG D03397 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:18308 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL1213529 YesY
RTECS number AS4375000
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Image 2
Properties
Molecular formula C3H4O2
Molar mass 72.06 g mol−1
Appearance clear, colorless liquid
Density 1.051 g/mL
Melting point 14 °C; 57 °F; 287 K
Boiling point 141 °C; 286 °F; 414 K
Solubility in water Miscible
Acidity (pKa) 4.35[2]
Viscosity 1.3 cP at 20 °C (68 °F)
Hazards
MSDS MSDS
R-phrases R10 R20/21/22 R35 R50
S-phrases S26 S36/37/39 S45 S61
Main hazards Corrosive (C),
Dangerous for the
environment (N)
Flash point 68 °C; 154 °F; 341 K
Autoignition temperature 429 °C; 804 °F; 702 K
Related compounds
Other anions acrylate
Related carboxylic acids acetic acid
propionic acid
lactic acid
3-hydroxypropionic acid
malonic acid
butyric acid
crotonic acid
Related compounds allyl alcohol
propionaldehyde
acrolein
methyl acrylate
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Acrylic acid (IUPAC: prop-2-enoic acid) is an organic compound with the formula CH2=CHCO2H. It is the simplest unsaturated carboxylic acid, consisting of a vinyl group connected directly to a carboxylic acid terminus. This colorless liquid has a characteristic acrid or tart smell. It is miscible with water, alcohols, ethers, and chloroform. More than one billion kilograms are produced annually.[3]