Title: Carthamus
Additional Names: Safflower; African saffron; thistle saffron; American saffron; false saffron; bastard saffron; Dyer's saffron
Literature References: Florets of Carthamus tinctorius L. Compositae. Habit. Levant; Orient; cultivated extensively in Europe and America. Constit. Carthamin, safflor yellow.
Use: In dyeing; surrogate for Spanish saffron; coloring butter, liqueurs, confectionery, cosmetics.
Therap-Cat: Dietary supplement.
Carticaine Carubicin Carumonam Carvacrol Carvedilol

Saffron thistle, Carthamus lanatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Cynareae
Genus: Carthamus

See text.

The genus Carthamus, the distaff thistles, includes about 14 species of Mediterranean plants in the daisy family. The best known species is the safflower.