Cascarilla

Title: Cascarilla
Additional Names: Eleuthera bark; sweet-wood bark
Literature References: Dried bark of Croton eluteria (L.) Sw., Euphorbiaceae. Habit. Bahama Islands, Cuba, Haiti. Constit. About 25% resins, 1.5-3% volatile oil, diterpene bitter principles including cascarillin A (15%). Description and medicinal use: J. Gruenwald et al., PDR for Herbal Medicines (Medical Economics, Montvale, 2nd Ed., 2000) p 156.
Derivative Type: Volatile oil
CAS Registry Number: 8007-06-5
Additional Names: Oil of cascarilla; oil of sweetwood bark
Literature References: Constit. l-Limonene, p-cymene, dipentene, eugenol, cascarillic acid. Chromatographic separation of constituents: A. Claude-Lafontaine et al., Bull. Soc. Chim. Fr. 1973 (part 2), 2866. Fragrance monograph: D. L. J. Opdyke, Food Cosmet. Toxicol. 14, Suppl. 1, 707 (1976).
Properties: Light yellow to brown amber liquid with a pleasant, spicy odor. d2525 0.892-0.914. nD20 1.488-1.494. Rotation +2° to +5° in a 100-mm tube at 20°. Very sol in alcohol, ether. Sol in most fixed oils, mineral oil. Practically insol in glycerin, propylene glycol. Keep well closed, cool, and protected from light.
Index of refraction: nD20 1.488-1.494
Density: d2525 0.892-0.914
Use: Flavoring agent; as an addition to smoking tobacco for flavoring.
Therap-Cat: Aromatic bitter.
Cascarillin Casimiroedine Casimiroin Caspase-9 Caspofungin

Croton eluteria
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Croton
Species: C. eluteria
Binomial name
Croton eluteria
(L.) W.Wright

Croton eluteria, known as Cascarilla, is a plant species of the genus Croton, that is native to the Caribbean. It has been naturalized in other tropical regions of the Americas. It grows to be a small tree or tall shrub (about 20 feet), rarely reaching 20 feet in height. Leaves scanty, alternate, ovate-lanceolate, averaging 2 inches long, closely scaled below, giving a metallic silver-bronze appearance, with scattered white scales above. The flowers are small, with white petals, and very fragrant, appearing in March and April. The scented bark is fissured, pale yellowish brown, and may be covered in lichen.[1]

Tincture from the bark is used as a tonic and stimulant, and a fever reducer. Cascarilla bark is also used to flavour the liqueurs Campari and Vermouth.[2]