Celluloid

Title: Celluloid
CAS Registry Number: 8050-88-2
Trademarks: Pyralin; Zylonite
Literature References: Prepd from nitrocellulose and camphor.
Properties: Colorless, amorphous mass. Flammable. Prone to spontaneous decompn which is retarded or prevented by the addition of urea, ZnO, MgCO3, diphenylamine, etc. It is rendered less flammable by addition of ammonium phosphate. Softens in boiling water; sol in acetone.
Use: Plastic material for manuf of toilet articles, toys, photographic films; substitute for amber, ivory, ebonite, tortoise shell; also in surgery for bandages and in dentistry as substitute for rubber.
Cellulose Cellulose Acetates Cellulose Ethyl Hydroxyethyl Ether Centaurein Centaury

Celluloids are a class of compounds created from nitrocellulose and camphor, with added dyes and other agents. Generally considered the first thermoplastic, it was first created as Parkesine in 1866[1] and as Xylonite in 1869, before being registered as Celluloid in 1870. Celluloid is easily molded and shaped, and it was first widely used as an ivory replacement. Celluloid is highly flammable and also easily decomposes, and is no longer widely used. Its most common uses today are in table tennis balls and guitar picks.[2]