Centaury

Title: Centaury
Additional Names: Minor centaury; lesser centaury; bitter herb
Literature References: Dried flowering plant of Centaurium erythracea Rafn. (syn. C. umbellatum Gilib., Erythraea centaurium Pers.), Gentianaceae. Habit. Europe, North America, Middle East, North Africa. Constit. Gentiopicrin, amarogentin, gentisin: Korte, Ber. 87, 1357 (1954); 88, 704 (1955). Review: A. Y. Leung, Encyclopedia of Common Natural Ingredients (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1980) pp 109-110.
Derivative Type: Chilean centaury
Additional Names: Chanchalagua; canchalagua
Literature References: Dried flowering plant of C. cachanlahuen (Mol) Robins (syn Gentiana peruviana Lam.). Habit. Chile, Peru.
Therap-Cat: Bitter tonic.
Centaury, American Centchroman Cephacetrile Sodium Cephaeline Cephalins

Centaury is a common name for several plants and may refer to:

  • Centaurea, a genus in the Asteraceae containing species sometimes called centaury
  • Centaurium, a genus in the Gentianaceae containing species commonly called centaury
    • Gyrandra, a genus formerly included in Centaurium, with species commonly called centaury
    • Schenkia, a genus formerly included in Centaurium, with species commonly called centaury
    • Zeltnera, a New World genus formerly included in Centaurium, with species commonly called centaury
  • Cheirolophus crassifolius, a species in the Asteraceae commonly known as Maltese centaury
  • Sabatia, a New World genus in the Gentianaceae containing species sometimes called centaury