Cephaeline

Title: Cephaeline
CAS Registry Number: 483-17-0
CAS Name: 7¢,10,11-Trimethoxyemetan-6¢-ol
Additional Names: desmethylemetine; dihydropsychotrine
Molecular Formula: C28H38N2O4
Molecular Weight: 466.61
Percent Composition: C 72.07%, H 8.21%, N 6.00%, O 13.72%
Literature References: Next to emetine the most important alkaloid of ipecac, the ground roots of Uragoga ipecacuanha (Brot.) Baill. [Cephaelis ipecacuanha (Brot.) A. Rich.], Rubiaceae: Carr, Pyman, J. Chem. Soc. 105, 1591 (1914); Hesse, Ann. 405, 1 (1914). Structure: Pailer, Porschinski, Monatsh. Chem. 80, 101 (1949). Stereochemistry: Van Tamelen et al., J. Am. Chem. Soc. 79, 4817 (1957). Partial synthesis: A. K. Garg, J. R. Gear, Tetrahedron Lett. 50, 4377 (1969). Biosynthetic studies: eidem, ibid. 1968, 141. HPLC determn in biological fluids: D. J. Crouch et al., J. Anal. Toxicol. 8, 63 (1984). Review: M. Janot in Manske, Holmes, The Alkaloids vol. 3 (Academic Press, New York, 1953) pp 363-394.
Properties: Needles from ether. Faintly bitter taste. mp 115-116°. [a]D20 -43.4° (c = 2 in chloroform). Practically insol in water. Freely sol in dil hydrochloric acid, dil sulfuric acid, acetic acid, methanol, ethanol, acetone, chloroform. Less sol in ether, petr ether.
Melting point: mp 115-116°
Optical Rotation: [a]D20 -43.4° (c = 2 in chloroform)
Derivative Type: Dihydrochloride heptahydrate
Molecular Formula: C28H40Cl2N2O4.7H2O
Molecular Weight: 665.64
Percent Composition: C 50.52%, H 8.18%, Cl 10.65%, N 4.21%, O 26.44%
Properties: Prisms, sinters at 245°, slowly melts up to 270°. [a]D20 +25.0° (c = 2). Sol in water. Solns turn yellow. Less sol in alc, acetone, chloroform. Practically insol in benzene, ligroin.
Optical Rotation: [a]D20 +25.0° (c = 2)
Derivative Type: Dihydrobromide heptahydrate
Molecular Formula: C28H40Br2N2O4.7H2O
Molecular Weight: 754.54
Percent Composition: C 44.57%, H 7.21%, Br 21.18%, N 3.71%, O 23.32%
Properties: Prisms from dil hydrobromic acid, sinters at 266°, slowly melts up to 293°. Sol in water; moderately sol in alcohol, acetone. Practically insol in benzene.
Derivative Type: Methyl ether see Emetine
Therap-Cat: Emetic; antiamebic.
Therap-Cat-Vet: Has been used as an emetic and expectorant.
Keywords: Antiamebic; Emetic.
Cephalins Cephaloglycin Cephalonic Acid Cephalonium Cephaloridine

Cephaeline
Cephaeline.gif
Identifiers
CAS number 483-18-1 YesY
PubChem 442195
ChemSpider 390702 N
UNII QA971541A1 N
ChEMBL CHEMBL255708 N
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C28H38N2O4
Molar mass 466.61 g mol−1
Appearance white silky crystals
Solubility in water soluble in alcohol
Hazards
Main hazards emetic / poisonous
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Cephaeline is an alkaloid chemical that induces vomiting by stimulating the stomach lining. It is found in commercial products such as syrup of ipecac.[1] Chemically, it is closely related to emetine.