Cetalkonium Chloride

Title: Cetalkonium Chloride
CAS Registry Number: 122-18-9
CAS Name: N-Hexadecyl-N,N-dimethylbenzenemethanaminium chloride
Additional Names: benzylhexadecyldimethylammonium chloride; cetyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride; hexadecyldimethylbenzylammonium chloride
Trademarks: Banicol; Acetoquat CDAC; Acquat CDAC; Ammonyx G; Zettyn; Ammonyx T; Cetol
Molecular Formula: C25H46ClN
Molecular Weight: 396.09
Percent Composition: C 75.81%, H 11.71%, Cl 8.95%, N 3.54%
Literature References: Prepn: FR 771746 (1934 to I. G. Farben); Piggott, US 2075958 (1937 to I.C.I.); Westphal, Jerchel, Ber. 73, 1011 (1940). Review of this type of quaternary ammonium compounds: J. P. Sisley, P. J. Wood, Encyclopedia of Surface-Active Agents (Chem. Publishing Co., New York, 1952) p 96 sqq.
Properties: Leaflets from ethyl acetate + petr ether, mp 59°. Sol in water, alc, acetone, ethyl acetate, propylene glycol, sorbitol solns, glycerol, ether, CCl4. pH of aq solns 7.2.
Melting point: mp 59°
Use: Cationic quaternary ammonium surfactant germicide and fungicide. Used in leather processing, textile dyeing. A mildew preventive in silicone-based water repellents. Compatible with many nonionic detergents. Active in moderately alkaline solns.
Therap-Cat: Anti-infective (topical).
Keywords: Antiseptic/Disinfectant; Quaternary Ammonium Compounds.
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