Title: Chlorinated Lime
CAS Registry Number: 7778-54-3
Additional Names: Bleaching powder
Literature References: Improperly called "chloride of lime" or "calcium oxychloride". A relatively unstable chlorine carrier in solid form; a complex chemical compd of indefinite composition, presumably consisting of varying proportions of Ca(OCl)2, CaCl2, Ca(OH)2 and H2O in its molecular structure. Maximum available chlorine content approaches 39%. Commercial products usually range between 24% and 37% of available chlorine.
Properties: White or grayish-white powder; strong odor of chlorine. On exposure to air it becomes moist and rapidly decomposes. Most of it dissolves in water or alcohol. Keep dry and tightly closed.
CAUTION: Strong solns irritate skin. Inhalation of fumes may cause laryngeal and pulmonary irritation, pulmonary edema, death. Ingestion may produce severe oral, esophageal, gastric irritation.
Use: Bleaching of wood pulp, linen, cotton, straw, oils, soaps, and in laundering; oxidizer in calico printing to obtain white designs on a colored ground; destroying caterpillars; disinfecting drinking water, sewage, etc.; as a decontaminant for mustard gas and similar substances.
Therap-Cat-Vet: Disinfectant for premises. Has been used as a topical antiseptic for superficial wounds.
Keywords: Antiseptic/Disinfectant; Halogens/Halogen Containing Compounds.