Chloroacetamide

Title: Chloroacetamide
CAS Registry Number: 79-07-2
CAS Name: 2-Chloroacetamide
Molecular Formula: C2H4ClNO
Molecular Weight: 93.51
Percent Composition: C 25.69%, H 4.31%, Cl 37.91%, N 14.98%, O 17.11%
Line Formula: ClCH2CONH2
Literature References: Prepn from ethyl chloroacetate and ammonia: Jacobs, Heidelberger, Org. Synth. coll. vol. I, 153 (2nd ed., 1941); from chloroacetyl chloride and ammonium acetate: Finan, Fothergill, J. Chem. Soc. 1962, 2824.
Properties: Crystals from water, mp 119-120°. bp ~225° (dec). Sol in 10 parts water, 10 parts abs alc; very slightly sol in ether. Two isomorphous crystalline modifications: a-form, "stable form", obtained by sublimation and by crystallization from nonpolar solvents; b-form, "unstable form", obtained by quenching the melt or by crystallization from polar solvents, see Katayama, Acta Crystallogr. 9, 986 (1956); 10, 468 (1957); B. Kalyanaraman et al., J. Cryst. Mol. Struct. 8, 175 (1978).
Melting point: mp 119-120°
Boiling point: bp ~225° (dec)
Chloroacetanilide Chloroacetic Acid Chloroacetic Anhydride Chloroacetone Chloroacetyl Isocyanate

Chloroacetamide
Chlooraceetamide.png
Identifiers
CAS number 79-07-2
PubChem 6580
ChemSpider 6332
EC number 201-174-2
ChEBI CHEBI:361034
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C2H4ClNO
Molar mass 93.51 g mol−1
Appearance Colorless or yellow crystals
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Chloroacetamide (2-chloroacetamide) is a chlorinated organic compound with the molecular formula C2H4ClNO used as a herbicide[1] and preservative.[2] It is a colorless or yellow crystalline substance with characteristic smell, readily soluble in water.[3]