Chloropicrin

Title: Chloropicrin
CAS Registry Number: 76-06-2
CAS Name: Trichloronitromethane
Additional Names: acquinite; nitrochloroform
Trademarks: Larvacide 100; Picfume (Dow)
Molecular Formula: CCl3NO2
Molecular Weight: 164.38
Percent Composition: C 7.31%, Cl 64.70%, N 8.52%, O 19.47%
Literature References: First prepd in 1848 by Stenhouse from picric acid and bleach powder. Review of prepn, properties, physiological action, and uses: Jackson, Chem. Rev. 14, 251 (1934). Manuf from nitromethane and alkaline hypochlorite: Wilhelm, US 3106588 (1963).
Properties: Slightly oily liquid, intense odor; bp757 112°. mp -64°; mp -69.2° (corr). d420 1.6558, d425 1.6483. nD20 1.4611, nD25 1.4596. Dipole moment in heptane or benzene, 1.80D. Practically insol in water. Soly in water (g/100 ml): 0.2272 (0°), 0.1621 (25°). Miscible with benzene, abs alc, carbon disulfide; sol in ether.
Melting point: mp -64°; mp -69.2° (corr)
Boiling point: bp757 112°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.4611; nD25 1.4596
Density: d420 1.6558; d425 1.6483
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are irritation of eyes, skin, respiratory system; lacrimation; cough, pulmonary edema; nausea, vomiting. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 66.
Use: Disinfecting cereals and grains; in synthesis, esp in manuf of methyl violet; fumigant; soil insecticide; war gas.
Chloroprocaine Hydrochloride Chloroselenic Acid Chlorosulfonic Acid Chlorothalonil Chlorothiazide

Chloropicrin
Chloropicrin.png Chloropicrin-3D-balls.png
Identifiers
CAS number 76-06-2 YesY
ChemSpider 13861343 YesY
UNII I4JTX7Z7U2 YesY
KEGG C18445 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:39285 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula CCl3NO2
Molar mass 164.375
Appearance colorless liquid
Density 1.692 g/ml[1]
Melting point -69 °C
Boiling point 112 °C (dec)
Hazards
GHS pictograms The skull-and-crossbones pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word Danger
EU classification Very Toxic T+
R-phrases R22, R26, R36/37/38, R43, R50/53
S-phrases S36/37, S38, S45
Main hazards Extremely toxic and irritating to skin, eyes, and lungs.
NFPA 704
NFPA 704.svg
0
4
3
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Chloropicrin, also known as PS, is a chemical compound currently used as a broad-spectrum antimicrobial, fungicide, herbicide, insecticide, and nematicide.[2] Its chemical structural formula is Cl3CNO2.