Title: Cocillana
Literature References: Dried bark of Guarea rusbyi (Britt.) Rusby, Meliaceae. Habit. Bolivia. Constit. Rusbyine, about 2.5% resins, about 2.5% fat, tannin.
Therap-Cat: Expectorant.
Therap-Cat-Vet: Has been used as an expectorant.
Coclaurine Cocoa Coconut Oil Cod Liver Oil Codamine

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Meliaceae
Genus: Guarea

See text

Guarea is a genus of evergreen trees in the mahogany family Meliaceae, native to tropical Africa and Central and South America. They are large trees 20–45 m tall, with a trunk over 1 m trunk diameter, often buttressed at the base. The leaves are pinnate, with 4-6 pairs of leaflets, the terminal leaflet present. The flowers are produced in loose inflorescences, each flower small, with 4-5 yellowish petals. The fruit is a four or five-valved capsule, containing several seeds, each surrounded by a yellow-orange fleshy aril; the seeds are dispersed by hornbills and monkeys which eat the fleshy aril.

Selected species
  • Guarea cartaguenya
  • Guarea cedrata
  • Guarea chichon
  • Guarea costata
  • Guarea davisii
  • Guarea excelsa
  • Guarea gardneri
  • Guarea glabra
  • Guarea grandifolia
  • Guarea guedesii
  • Guarea guidonia
  • Guarea kunthiana
  • Guarea laurentii
  • Guarea leonensis
  • Guarea macrophylla
  • Guarea pohlii
  • Guarea pubescens
  • Guarea purusana
  • Guarea silvatica
  • Guarea thompsonii
  • Guarea trichilioides