Combretastatins

Title: Combretastatins
Literature References: A group of compounds isolated from the bark and stem wood of the South African bushwillow tree, Combretum caffrum, which inhibit tubulin polmerization. The most active are combretastatins A-2 and A-4. Used in folk medicine, extracts have shown antileukemic properties. Isoln: G. R. Pettit et al., Can. J. Chem. 60, 1374 (1982); of A-2: G. R. Pettit, S. B. Singh, ibid. 65, 2390 (1987); of A-4: idem et al., Experientia 45, 209 (1989). Enantioselective synthesis: A. Ramacciotti et al., Tetrahedron: Asymmetry 7, 1101 (1996). Mechanism of action study: C. M. Lin et al., Biochemistry 28, 6984 (1989). Antineoplastic activity of A-4: A. A. E. El-Zayat et al., Anti-Cancer Drugs 4, 19 (1993); inhibition of tumor vascularization: G. G. Dark et al., Cancer Res. 57, 1829 (1997). Review of structure-activity of combretastatins, podophyllotoxin, q.v. and steganacin: D. L. Sackett, Pharmacol. Ther. 59, 163-228 (1993).
Derivative Type: Combretastatin
CAS Registry Number: 82855-09-2
CAS Name: (R)-3-Hydroxy-4-methoxy-a-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)benzeneethanol
Additional Names: (-)-combretastatin
Molecular Formula: C18H22O6
Molecular Weight: 334.36
Percent Composition: C 64.66%, H 6.63%, O 28.71%
Properties: Needles from acetone-hexane, mp 130-131°. [a]D26 -8.51° (c = 1.41 in chloroform). uv max (methanol): 212, 228 (shoulder), 279, 287 nm (shoulder) (log e 4.33, 4.11, 3.47, 3.36). d 1.33.
Melting point: mp 130-131°
Optical Rotation: [a]D26 -8.51° (c = 1.41 in chloroform)
Absorption maximum: uv max (methanol): 212, 228 (shoulder), 279, 287 nm (shoulder) (log e 4.33, 4.11, 3.47, 3.36)
Density: d 1.33
Derivative Type: Combretastatin A-4
CAS Registry Number: 117048-59-6
CAS Name: (Z)-2-Methoxy-5-[2-(3,4,5,-trimethoxyphenyl)ethenyl]phenol
Additional Names: 3,4,5-trimethoxy-3¢-hydroxy-4¢-methoxy-(Z)-stilbene; CS-A4
Molecular Formula: C18H20O5
Molecular Weight: 316.35
Percent Composition: C 68.34%, H 6.37%, O 25.29%
Properties: Fine crystals from ethylacetate-hexane, mp 84.5-85.5°.
Melting point: mp 84.5-85.5°
Concanavalin A Condurangin Conessine Congressane Conhydrine

Combretastatin
Combretastatin.svg
Identifiers
CAS number 82855-09-2
PubChem 9895264
ChemSpider 297705
ChEMBL CHEMBL151766
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C18H22O6
Molar mass 334.36 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Combretastatin is a dihydrostilbenoid found in Combretum caffrum.