Coniferyl Alcohol

Title: Coniferyl Alcohol
CAS Registry Number: 458-35-5
CAS Name: 4-(3-Hydroxy-1-propenyl)-2-methoxyphenol
Additional Names: 3-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-2-propen-1-ol; 4-hydroxy-3-methoxycinnamic alcohol; g-hydroxyisoeugenol
Molecular Formula: C10H12O3
Molecular Weight: 180.20
Percent Composition: C 66.65%, H 6.71%, O 26.64%
Literature References: In benzoin, especially Siam benzoin, as coniferyl benzoate (up to 78%): Reinitzer, Arch. Pharm. 264, 131 (1926). From coniferin by hydrolysis with emulsin. From ferula aldehyde (coniferyl aldehyde) by the action of fermenting yeast. Small amounts of coniferyl alcohol are found in brandy from beet molasses.
Properties: Prisms, mp 74°. Freely sol in ether; moderately sol in alc; almost insol in water; sol in alkalies. Polymerized by dil acids; converted to an amorphous gum. Absorption spectrum: Herzog, Hillmer, Ber. 64B, 1288 (1931).
Melting point: mp 74°
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