Dinitolmide

Title: Dinitolmide
CAS Registry Number: 148-01-6
CAS Name: 2-Methyl-3,5-dinitrobenzamide
Additional Names: 3,5-dinitro-o-toluamide; 3,5-dinitro-2-methylbenzamide
Trademarks: Zoalene (Dow); Zoamix (Dow)
Molecular Formula: C8H7N3O5
Molecular Weight: 225.16
Percent Composition: C 42.67%, H 3.13%, N 18.66%, O 35.53%
Literature References: Prepn: McGookin et al., J. Soc. Chem. Ind. 59, 92 (1940); Harris et al., US 2937204 (1960 to Dow). Activity studies: Peterson, Poult. Sci. 39, 739 (1960); Joyner, Res. Vet. Sci. 1, 363 (1960). Metabolism: Smith et al., J. Agric. Food Chem. 11, 253 (1963); Smith, Anal. Biochem. 7, 461 (1964).
Properties: Crystals from dil alc, mp 181°.
Melting point: mp 181°
CAUTION: Potential symptom of overexposure by direct contact is eczema. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 116.
Therap-Cat-Vet: Coccidiostat.
Dinitrobenzene Dinitrocresol Dinobuton Dinocap Dinoseb

Dinitolmide
Zoalene.png
Identifiers
CAS number 148-01-6 N
PubChem 3092
ChemSpider 2982 YesY
ChEMBL CHEMBL472565 YesY
ATCvet code QP51AX12
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C8H7N3O5
Molar mass 225.16 g/mol
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Dinitolmide (or zoalene) is a fodder additive for poultry, used to prevent coccidiosis infections.[1] It is sold under trade names such as Coccidine A, Coccidot, and Zoamix.

Dinitolmide is usually added to feed in doses of 125 ppm (preventive) or 250 ppm (curative). It is a broad-spectrum anticoccidial drug,[1] preventing seven main strains of Eimeria coccidium. It leaves no residues in tissues.[citation needed] It can be also used to prevent coccidiosis of domestic rabbits.