CAS Registry Number: 39300-45-3
Additional Names: DNOCP
Manufacturers' Codes: CR-1639; ENT-24727
Trademarks: Karathane (Dow AgroSci.)
Molecular Formula: C18H24N2O6
Molecular Weight: 364.39
Percent Composition: C 59.33%, H 6.64%, N 7.69%, O 26.34%
Literature References: Originally thought to be 2-(1-methylheptyl)-4,6-dinitrophenyl butenoate, it is actually a mixture of 2(or 4)-octyl-4,6(or 2,6)-dinitrophenyl butenoate in which the octyl is a mixture of 1-methylheptyl, 1-ethylhexyl, and 1-propylpentyl. Prepn: W. F. Hester et al., US 2526660 (1950 to Rohm & Haas). Fungicidal activity and chemical constitution: A. H. M. Kirby et al., Ann. Appl. Biol. 57, 211 (1966); R. J. W. Byrde et al., ibid. 223. Mitocidal activity: N. D. Rishi, A. Q. Rather, J. Entomol. Res. 7, 39 (1983). Degradation in soil: W. Mittelstaedt, F. Fuhr, J. Agric. Food Chem. 32, 1151 (1984). Persistence on crops: B. D. Ripley et al., Can. J. Plant Sci. 65, 229 (1985). HPLC residue analysis in crops: D. Liang et al., J. Chromatogr. 387, 385 (1987). Acute and chronic toxicity: P. S. Larson et al., Arch. Int. Pharmacodyn. Ther. 119, 31 (1959). Evaluation of developmental toxicity in rodents of technical grade and selected isomers: L. E. Gray, Jr. et al., Teratog. Carcinog. Mutagen. 6, 33 (1986); J. M. Rogers et al., ibid. 7, 341 (1987).
Properties: Dark brown liquid. bp0.05 138-140°. Incompatible with oil, oil based sprays, and lime-sulfur mixtures. LD50 in male rats (mg/kg): 23 i.v.; 980 orally (Larson).
Boiling point: bp0.05 138-140°
Toxicity data: LD50 in male rats (mg/kg): 23 i.v.; 980 orally (Larson)
CAUTION: Skin irritant. See Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products, R. E. Gosselin et al., Eds. (Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 5th ed., 1984) Section II, p 197.
Use: Acaricide; fungicide.