|EGF-Urogastrone||Egg Oil||EGTA||Eicosamethylnonasiloxane||Eicosapentaenoic Acid|
|Jmol-3D images||Image 1|
|Molar mass||458.37 g mol−1|
|Solubility in water||soluble[vague]|
|Solubility||soluble in ethanol, DMSO, dimethyl formamide at about 20 g/l|
(what is: / ?)|
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG), also known as epigallocatechin-3-gallate, is the ester of epigallocatechin and gallic acid, and is a type of catechin.
EGCG is the most abundant catechin in tea and is a potent antioxidant that may have therapeutic applications in the treatment of many disorders (e.g. cancer). It is found mainly in white tea, green tea and, in smaller quantities, black tea; during black tea production, the catechins are mostly converted to theaflavins and thearubigins, and theabrownins. It is also found in various vegetables, nuts, as well as carob powder at 109 mg per 100g. In a high temperature environment, an epimerization change is more likely to occur; however as exposure to boiling water for 30 straight minutes leads to only a 12.4% reduction in the total amount of EGCG, the amount lost in a brief exposure is insignificant. In fact, even when special conditions were used to create temperatures well above that of boiling water, the amount lost increased only slightly.
EGCG can be found in many supplements.