|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|N6-(aminoiminomethyl)-N2-(3-mercapto-1-oxopropyl)-L-lysylglycyl-L-α-aspartyl-L-tryptophyl-L-prolyl-L-cysteinamide, cyclic (1→6)disulfide|
|Licence data||EMA:, US FDA:|
|Pregnancy cat.||B (US)|
|Legal status||POM (UK) ℞-only (US)|
|Mol. mass||831.96 g/mol|
|(what is this?)|
Eptifibatide (Integrilin, Millennium Pharmaceuticals, also co-promoted by Schering-Plough/Essex), is an antiplatelet drug of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa inhibitor class. Eptifibatide is a cyclic heptapeptide derived from a protein found in the venom of the southeastern pygmy rattlesnake (Sistrurus miliarius barbouri). It belongs to the class of the so-called arginin-glycin-aspartat-mimetics and reversibly binds to platelets. Eptifibatide has a short half-life. The drug is the third inhibitor of GPIIb/IIIa that has found broad acceptance after the specific antibody abciximab and the non-peptide tirofiban entered the global market.
Integrilin is sold in two strengths, globally: vials containing 2 mg/ml (20 mg totally) and 0.75 mg/ml (75 mg totally). A third size is sold in the US: 100 ml vials containing 2 mg/ml (200 mg totally).