Ethylene Dichloride

Title: Ethylene Dichloride
CAS Registry Number: 107-06-2
CAS Name: 1,2-Dichloroethane
Additional Names: sym-dichloroethane; ethylene chloride; EDC; Dutch liquid
Trademarks: Brocide
Molecular Formula: C2H4Cl2
Molecular Weight: 98.96
Percent Composition: C 24.27%, H 4.07%, Cl 71.65%
Line Formula: ClCH2CH2Cl
Literature References: Made from ethylene and chlorine; also from acetylene and HCl: Beilstein I, 84 (1918). Manuf: Faith, Keyes & Clark's Industrial Chemicals, F. A. Lowenheim, M. K. Moran, Eds. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 4th ed., 1975) pp 392-396. Toxicity data: Smyth et al., Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 30, 470 (1969). Review of carcinogenic risk: IARC Monographs 20, 429-444 (1979); of toxicology and human exposure: Toxicological Profile for 1,2-Dichloroethane (PB2001-109103, 2001) 297 pp.
Properties: Heavy liq; burns with smoky flame; pleasant odor; sweet taste. d420 1.2569. bp 83-84°. mp ~-40°. Flash pt, closed cup: 56°F (13°C); open cup: 65°F (18°C). nD20 1.4443. Sol in about 120 parts water; misc with alcohol, chloroform, ether. LD50 orally in rats: 770 mg/kg (Smyth).
Melting point: mp ~-40°
Boiling point: bp 83-84°
Flash point: Flash pt, closed cup: 56°F (13°C); open cup: 65°F (18°C)
Index of refraction: nD20 1.4443
Density: d420 1.2569
Toxicity data: LD50 orally in rats: 770 mg/kg (Smyth)
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are CNS depression; nausea, vomiting; dermatitis; irritation of eyes, corneal opacity; liver, kidney, cardiovascular system damage. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 136. See also Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products, R. E. Gosselin et al., Eds. (Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 5th ed., 1984) Section II, pp 163-164. This substance is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen: Report on Carcinogens, Eleventh Edition (PB2005-104914, 2004) p III-90.
Use: Manuf of vinyl chloride, acetyl cellulose; solvent for fats, oils, waxes, gums, resins, and particularly for rubber. Has been used as insect and soil fumigant.
Ethylene Glycol Ethylene Glycol Diacetate Ethylene Glycol Dinitrate Ethylene Glycol Monoacetate Ethylene Thiourea