Ethylene Glycol Dinitrate

Title: Ethylene Glycol Dinitrate
CAS Registry Number: 628-96-6
CAS Name: 1,2-Ethanediol dinitrate
Additional Names: glycol dinitrate; nitroglycol; EGDN
Molecular Formula: C2H4N2O6
Molecular Weight: 152.06
Percent Composition: C 15.80%, H 2.65%, N 18.42%, O 63.13%
Line Formula: O2NOCH2CH2ONO2
Literature References: Explosive. Prepn: L. Henry, Ann. Chim. (Paris) 4, 253 (1872); P. Golding et al., Tetrahedron 49, 7037 (1993). Determn in blood by GC: M. H. Litchfield, Analyst 93, 653 (1968); in explosion debris by HPLC: R. J. Prime, J. Krebs, Can. Soc. Forensic Sci. J. 13, 27 (1980); in vapor phase by ion mobility spectrometry: A. H. Lawrence, P. Neudorfl, Anal. Chem. 60, 104 (1988). Measurement of vapor pressure: P. A. Pella, J. Chem. Thermodyn. 9, 301 (1977). Adsorption kinetics: D. O. Henderson et al., Appl. Spectrosc. 47, 528 (1993). Brief description of properties: Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 27, 574-577 (1966); V. Lindner in Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology vol. 10, (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 4th ed., 1993) pp 4, 21-26.
Properties: Colorless, odorless liquid with sweetish taste, mp -22.8°. d 1.490 g/cm3. nD20 1.395. Insol in water, very sol in alcohol and ether. Combustible and Explosive.
Melting point: mp -22.8°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.395
Density: d 1.490 g/cm3
CAUTION: Potential symptoms of overexposure are throbbing headache; dizziness; nausea; vomiting; abdominal pain; hypotension; flushing; palpitations; methemoglobinemia; delirium; CNS depression. Direct contact may cause skin irritation. See NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (DHHS/NIOSH 97-140, 1997) p 138.
Use: Explosive for mining and fuel industries. Additive to dynamite. Detection of hidden bombs by analysis of ambient air for EGDN.
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