Title: Gambir
Additional Names: Catechu; pale catechu; gambir catechu; terra japonica
Literature References: Dried aqueous extract of leaves and twigs of Uncaria gambier (Hunter) Roxb. (Ourouparia gambier (Hunter) Baill.), Rubiaceae. Habit. Southern Asia. Constit. 7-30% catechol, 20-50% catechutannic acid; quercetin, catechu-red, gambir-fluorescein, fixed oil, wax. Contains not less than 70% water-sol substance and not less than 60% is sol in alcohol. Incompat: Iron compds, gelatin, limewater, mercuric chloride, zinc sulfate, alkalies.
Use: Tanning, dyeing fabrics brown or black.
Therap-Cat: Astringent.
Therap-Cat-Vet: Astringent (intestinal).
Gambogic Acid gamma-Carboline gamma-Carboxyglutamic Acid gamma-Coniceine gamma-Ergostenol

Gambir may refer to:

  • Gambir, Gambir, administrative village in the Gambir district of Indonesia
  • Gambir, Jakarta, Indonesia
    • Gambir Station, major railway station in Gambir, Jakarta
    • Gambir Market, market held in 1906 and yearly from 1921 until 1942 in Jakarta
  • Uncaria gambir, plant species
  • Gambir, Mongolian layered fried bread also known as kattama