Gelsemium

Title: Gelsemium
Additional Names: Yellow jasmine; yellow jessamine; wild woodbine
Literature References: CNS stimulant from dried rhizome and roots of Gelsemium sempervirens (L.) Ait., Loganiaceae. Habit. Southern U.S. Constit. Gelsemine, gelsemoidine, scopoletin, gelsemic acid, volatile oil, resin.
Properties: Poisonous!
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Gelsemium
Gelsemium sempervirens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Gentianales
Family: Gelsemiaceae
Genus: Gelsemium
Juss.
Species
  • Gelsemium elegans
  • Gelsemium rankinii
  • Gelsemium sempervirens

Gelsemium is a genus of flowering plants belonging to family Gelsemiaceae. The genus contains three species of shrubs to straggling or twining climbers. Two species are native to North America, and one to China and Southeast Asia.

Carolus Linnaeus first classified G. sempervirens as Bignonia sempervirens in 1753; Antoine Laurent de Jussieu renamed the genus in 1789. Gelsemium is a Latinized form of the Italian word for jasmine, gelsomino. G. elegans is also nicknamed "heartbreak grass".[1]