Jerusalem Artichoke

Title: Jerusalem Artichoke
Additional Names: Topinambur
Literature References: The subterranean stem tuber of Helianthus tuberosus L., Compositae, a kind of sunflower native to North America. Used as food by American Indians. Contains up to 20% (wet basis) of polysaccharides usable as sweetening agents: Rubin, US 2782123 (1957).
Jesaconitine Jojoba Oil Josamycin Juglans Juglone

Jerusalem artichoke
Stem with flowers
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Heliantheae
Genus: Helianthus
Species: H. tuberosus
Binomial name
Helianthus tuberosus

The Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus), also called sunroot, sunchoke, earth apple or topinambour, is a species of sunflower native to eastern North America, and found from eastern Canada and Maine west to North Dakota, and south to northern Florida and Texas.[1] It is also cultivated widely across the temperate zone for its tuber, which is used as a root vegetable.[2]