Rosemary

Title: Rosemary
Literature References: Low, branched perennial shrub, Rosmarinus officinalis L., Labiatae. Habit. Mediterranean basin; widely cultivated in gardens. Medicinal parts are the essential oil and the dried or fresh leaves and leafy stems. Constit. Volatile oil (1.0-2.5%); diterpenoids incl. carnosol, carnosic acid, rosmadial, rosmanol, epirosmarol, methyl carnosate; flavonoids incl. genkwanin, cirsimarin; rosmarinic acid. Extraction of volatile components: A. Basile et al., J. Agric. Food Chem. 46, 5205 (1998); of antioxidants: E. Ibañez et al., ibid. 51, 375 (2003). Botanical description and medicinal uses: J. Gruenwald et al., PDR for Herbal Medicines (Medical Economics, Montvale, 2nd Ed., 2000) pp 645-646. Review of pharmacology: J. Barnes et al., Herbal Medicines (Pharmaceutical Press, London, 2nd Ed., 2002) pp 403-407.
Derivative Type: Volatile oil
CAS Registry Number: 8000-25-7
Additional Names: Oil of rosemary
Literature References: Obtained from the fresh flowering tops. Constit. a-Pinene (15-25%), 1,8-cineole (20-50%), camphor (10-25%), camphene, limonine, borneol, linalool.
Properties: Colorless or pale yellow liquid; characteristic rosemary odor; camphoraceous taste. d2525 0.894-0.912. aD25 -5 to +10°. nD20 1.464-1.476. Almost insol in water; sol in 10 vols 80% alcohol. Keep well closed, cool and protected from light.
Optical Rotation: aD25 -5 to +10°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.464-1.476
Density: d2525 0.894-0.912
Use: In hair conditioners, mouth rinses, fragrances; flavoring agent in foods.
Therap-Cat: Carminative; rubefacient; antimicrobial.
Rosin Rosin Oil Rosoxacin Rostaporfin Rosuvastatin

Rosmarinus officinalis
Rosemary
Rosemary in flower
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Rosmarinus
Species: R. officinalis
Binomial name
Rosmarinus officinalis
L.[1]

Rosmarinus officinalis, commonly known as rosemary, is a woody, perennial herb with fragrant, evergreen, needle-like leaves and white, pink, purple, or blue flowers, native to the Mediterranean region. It is a member of the mint family Lamiaceae, which includes many other herbs. The name "rosemary" derives from the Latin for "dew" (ros) and "sea" (marinus), or "dew of the sea".[2] The plant is also sometimes called anthos, from the ancient Greek word ἄνθος, meaning "flower".[3]