Suramin Sodium

Title: Suramin Sodium
CAS Registry Number: 129-46-4
CAS Name: 8,8¢-[Carbonylbis[imino-3,1-phenylenecarbonylimino(4-methyl-3,1-phenylene)carbonylimino]]bis-1,3,5-naphthalenetrisulfonic acid hexasodium salt
Additional Names: hexasodium sym-bis(m-aminobenzoyl-m-amino-p-methylbenzoyl-1-naphthylamino-4,6,8-trisulfonate) carbamide
Manufacturers' Codes: Bayer 205; Fourneau 309
Trademarks: Antrypol (AstraZeneca); Germanin (Bayer); Moranyl (Specia); Naganol; Naphuride
Molecular Formula: C51H34N6Na6O23S6
Molecular Weight: 1429.17
Percent Composition: C 42.86%, H 2.40%, N 5.88%, Na 9.65%, O 25.75%, S 13.46%
Literature References: Discovered in 1917 by O. Dressel and R. Kothe: J. Dressel, J. Chem. Educ. 38, 620 (1961). Prepn: E. Fourneau et al., Compt. Rend. 178, 675 (1924); J. Trefouel, E. Fourneau, GB 224849 (1923); B. Heymann, Angew. Chem. 37, 585 (1924). Pharmacology, toxicology and clinical antiparasitic activity: F. Hawking, Adv. Pharmacol. Chemother. 15, 289-322 (1978). Inhibition of reverse transcriptase in vitro: E. De Clercq, Cancer Lett. 8, 9 (1979); vs HIV: H. Mitsuya et al., Science 226, 172 (1984). HPLC determn in plasma: R. W. Klecker, J. M. Collins, J. Liq. Chromatogr. 8, 1685 (1985). Pharmacokinetics: J. M. Collins et al., J. Clin. Pharmacol. 26, 22 (1986). Pharmacology and virustatic effect in AIDS: S. Broder et al., Lancet 2, 627 (1985); A. M. Levine et al., Ann. Intern. Med. 105, 32 (1986). Clinical trial in onchocerciasis: H. Schultz-Key et al., Trop. Med. Parasitol. 36, 244 (1985); in prostate cancer: C. Myers et al., J. Clin. Oncol. 10, 881 (1992). Review: Olenick in Antibiotics vol. 3, J. W. Corcoran, F. E. Hahn, Eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1975) pp 699-703; R. La Rocca et al., Cancer Cells 2, 106-115 (1990).
Properties: White or slightly pink or cream-colored powder. Slightly bitter taste. Hygroscopic. Freely sol in water, in physiological saline; sparingly sol in 95% alcohol. Insol in benzene, ether, petr ether, chloroform. Aq solns are neutral to litmus. LD50 in mice (mg/kg): ~620 i.v. (Hawking).
Toxicity data: LD50 in mice (mg/kg): ~620 i.v. (Hawking)
Therap-Cat: Anthelmintic (Nematodes); antiprotozoal (Trypanosoma).
Therap-Cat-Vet: Antiprotozoal (Trypanosoma).
Keywords: Anthelmintic (Nematodes); Antiprotozoal (Trypanosoma); Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor.
Suriclone Surinamine Survivin Suxethonium Bromide Suxibuzone