alpha-Chlorohydrin

Title: a-Chlorohydrin
CAS Registry Number: 96-24-2
CAS Name: 3-Chloro-1,2-propanediol
Additional Names: 3-chloro-1,2-dihydroxypropane; a-monochlorohydrin; b,-dihydroxyisopropyl chloride; glycerol a-monochlorohydrin; 3-chloropropylene glycol
Trademarks: Epibloc (Pestcon)
Molecular Formula: C3H7ClO2
Molecular Weight: 110.54
Percent Composition: C 32.60%, H 6.38%, Cl 32.07%, O 28.95%
Line Formula: CH2ClCHOHCH2OH
Literature References: Prepd from glycerol and HCl gas: Conant, Quayle, Org. Synth. coll. vol. I, 294 (1941). Toxicity study: C. H. Hine et al., Arch. Ind. Health 14, 250 (1956).
Properties: Liquid. Sweetish taste. Tendency to turn straw color. d420 1.3218. nD20 1.4831. bp760 213° (dec); bp14 114-120°; bp11 115-117°. Sol in water, alcohol, ether. LD50 in mice, rats (g/kg): 0.16, 0.15 orally (Hine).
Boiling point: bp760 213° (dec); bp14 114-120°; bp11 115-117°
Index of refraction: nD20 1.4831
Density: d420 1.3218
Toxicity data: LD50 in mice, rats (g/kg): 0.16, 0.15 orally (Hine)
Use: To lower the freezing point of dynamite; in the manuf of dye intermediates. As rodent chemosterilant.
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